Gikas painting in Montclair

The guide to proper home painting!

Do you want to paint your house and have questions? Find answers to each of your questions from our professional painters of Gikas Painting in Montclair in the text below!

What is color?

Paint, formerly used as the term paint, is a material usually in liquid form, which when spread on a surface, forms a cohesive, opaque or transparent film that adheres to it. As a result, the paint offers protection to the surfaces and with the various shades, decorates and beautifies them. Protects the surface from damage caused by factors such as sun, adverse weather conditions, humidity, pollutants, dust, mold, rust, chemicals, mechanical stress. It decorates the surface and improves its aesthetic result.
Thus, the paint can in addition to protecting the applied surface:
• To change the appearance and the atmosphere, even to “change” them
dimensions of a space.
• To influence the mood of the people who live and work in it.
• To emphasize and “tie” the other decorative elements together.
• To illuminate the spaces and give them their own special personality.

What are the main components of a paint?

• The carrier – binder
• The pigments
• The additives
• The diluent

What are the ingredients of the paint?

•  The player
The carrier (resin / polymer), is the component that has the greatest effect on the final color quality. The specific type, quality and quantity of the carrier in the paint, determine the following properties of the paint: resistance to weather conditions, dirt and washing, gloss, adhesion, resistance to breakage.
•  The pigments
The paint contains basic pigments such as titanium dioxide, colored organic and inorganic dyes as well as fillers such as calcium carbonate. The basic pigments give the color opacity, resistance to chalk, unchanged shades, while the fillers are mainly used to give volume and reduce the cost. Quality paints contain more basic dyes than fillers.
•  The additives
Additives represent the smallest percentage in the color components, but provide the final indication of the color quality giving desirable properties that would otherwise be missing. Specifically, they identify in the color: rheological properties which are necessary for its correct and easy application, the appearance of the final product, the stability during storage, they prevent foaming both during production and application and improve the drying.
•  The diluent
The diluent, water or organic solvent, helps to create the film of color by evaporation.
The quality of the paint depends on the ratio of its basic components in the final composition of the product, as well as on the specific quality of the individual materials used.

What are plastic paints?

Plastic paints are mainly applied to interior painting walls and ceilings. Excellent plastic paints must have:
• high coverage and efficiency
• very good clothesline
• not get dirty easily
• withstand frequent washing
• have high whiteness and keep their shades vivid and unchanged for a long time
• have a consistent quality

What are acrylic paints?

Acrylic paints are mainly applied to exterior surfaces of plaster or concrete. Excellent Acrylic exterior paints must be characterized by:
• high coverage and efficiency
• high resistance to severe weather conditions and air pollutants
• vivid and unchanging shades high mechanical strength, ie hardness and elasticity
• be certified cool colors.

How are wall and roof sealants used?

Wall & Roof Sealants are acrylic based paints and are used to protect a building from the ingress of water or moisture into it. The main requirements of these products are:
• to ensure the waterproofing of the surface
• remain elastic in frost and high temperatures
• to be applied easily and quickly to have very good adhesion
• be certified cool colors.

What are ripolins?

Ripolines are the most common color category for painting metal and wood surfaces. An excellent ripoline should have:
• high coverage and efficiency
• easy work and good spread
• very good finish
• high resistance to solar radiation and chemical pollution
• high whiteness and vivid and unchanging shades
• be user-friendly and environmentally friendly, lead-free and colorless

What are water repolins?

Water repellents are the new generation of water-based varnishes, user-friendly and environmentally friendly, for painting wooden surfaces and walls. The main properties that Water Ripolins must have are:
• have high coverage
• have very good application properties
• be odorless, which means ideal for indoor living
• have vivid and unchanging shades
• not to turn yellow

What characteristics should anti-rust substrates have?

The painting preparation of metal surfaces requires the application of anti-rust substrates, which must:
• provide strong rust protection
• have strong adhesion, high performance and
• user and environment friendly composition, without lead and chromium

What are wall primers?

Wall primers are the substrates that prepare the surface to accept the final color. Excellent Wall Primers must:
• penetrates the surface and has strong adhesion
• insulates and strengthens the surface
• has very good application properties dries and repaints quickly has a stable quality.

What is velatura?

Velatura is the substrate of varnishes applied to wooden surfaces. The basic requirements for a very good Velatura are to have:
• high coverage very good application properties
• fast drying, easy to rub
• not contain lead and chromium

What is the correct preparation of the surface to be painted?

The surface must be clean, free of dirt, mold, grease, etc., and completely dry.
When it comes to repainting, the surface should be free of any loose or loosely bonded materials and generally those areas where the old paint has lost its adhesion to the substrate should be removed.
Surfaces that are smooth or glossy should be sanded in order to roughen or “break” their gloss. This way we achieve the best adhesion of the paint on them.
All surfaces to be painted must be primed with the appropriate primer recommended in each case.

Primer

The efficiency of the primer (for masonry) will be as expected and the service life of the painting system will be extended when the primer penetrates the wall and does not form a crust on its surface. This is achieved by the correct dilution suggested on the package, depending on the porosity of the surface.
Read the basic list of tasks for painting the walls , to be fully prepared for the whole process!

What application tools do I need to paint?

The tools (roller, brush) must be clean and not damaged by old use or multiple uses in the past.
Use the appropriate paint tool for any type of surface.

What do I need to know about paint dilutions before painting?

The dilutions of the materials to be applied must be in accordance with the instructions on the packaging of each product.

What are the best environmental conditions for applying a paint?

The ambient temperature at which it is appropriate to apply a paint system on a surface, should not be less than 5o C and should not exceed 35o C
Avoid painting on days when the weather is rainy and the percentage of humidity in the atmosphere is particularly high (greater than 70%).

What do I need to know about solvents before painting?

Use the recommended solvents, which are perfectly compatible with the color, when it comes to solvent paint.

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